الاثنين، 16 سبتمبر، 2013

قواعد اللغه الانجليزية اللي عايز يفتكر

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

ENGLISH GRAMMER


*VERB TO BE:

Past participle
past
present
Pronouns
been
was
Am
is
I ,
he , she ,it
been
were
are
We , they , you


*VERB TO DO:

Past participle
past
present
pronouns
done
did
does
he , she , it
done
did
do
We , they ,you , I


*VERB TO HAVE:

Past participle
past
present
pronouns
had
had
has
He , she , it
Had
had
Have
We , you they , I
(1)
The past simple
The present simple
التصريف الثانى للفعل*
Ed ,d * الفعل فى المضارع

المصدر+s
*يضاف حرف ال (s) مع الاسماء و(he,she,it)
*الكلمات الدالة
Yesterday, ago, last night, once, just now , one day
*الكلمات الدالة
Always, usually, often, some times, every, on Sunday.
*negative:
*they worked hard.
*they didn't work hard.


*negative:
He speaks English.
*he doesn't speak English.



Questions:
*they worked hard.
*did they work hard?

Questions:
*he speaks English.
*does he speak English?



*RELATIVE PRONOUNS:

*WHICH:
               -that is a book. She was selling it.
              -that is a book which she was selling.
-تستخدم بدلا من المفعول غير العاقل.

*who:
        -samy is a doctor. He goes to the hospital every day

      - samy who goes to the hospital every day is a doctor
- تستخدم للفاعل العاقل.
(2)
*whom:
            -that is ahmed .he met him in the cinema.
           -that is ahmed whom he met in the cinema.
-تستخدم للمفعول به العاقل.
*whose:
           -she buys anew pen. It colour is red.
          -she buys anew pen whose colour is red.
- تستخدم للتعبير عن الملكية.
*تستخدم كلمة that  بدلا من which , who , whom
-that is a dog which usually bits.
-that is a dog that usually bits.
The past continuous
The present continuous
Was , were + verb + ing

Am ,is ,are + verb + ing
*الكلمات الدالة
As/while+ past con. + Past simple.
When + past simple + past con.


*الكلمات الدالة
Now, look, listen, still, at present, this moment.

*negative:
- I was working hard.
- I wasn't working hard.
Questions:
- I was working hard.
-was you working hard?

*negative:
-she is working hard.
-she isn't working hard.
Questions:
-she is working hard.
-is she working hard?



(3)


The past perfect
The present perfect
Had + p.p
Have , has + p.p
*الكلمات الدالة
-after + past perfect + past simple.

-Before + past simple + past perfect.


*الكلمات الدالة
-already, yet, ever, for, just, since this morning, never.
-jack has lived in Cairo for two years.
-she has not met him since last week.
-she has already finished her exercises.
-she has not finished her exercises yet.


The past perfect con.
The present perfect con.
Had been + verb + ing
Have been + verb + ing


*الكلمات الدالة
Live, wait, stay, reed, work, sleep, study, all morning, all this work.









(4)
*قاعدة if :

-الحالـــة الأولى:

-if + present simple + will + INF.

                                  -if he studies hard, he will succeed.

- تستخدم لحدث مطابق للواقع اى الشخص يذاكر بالفعل نربط فعل فى الحاضر بنتجة فى المستقبل.



-الحالة الثانية:
                                       -if + past simple + would + INF.

-if he studied hard, he would succeed.



-الحالة الثالثة:
-if + past perfect + would + have + p.p

-if he had studied hard, he would have succeeded.


- فى الحالة الثانية والثالثة نفترض عكس الواقع.





(5)

The future perfect
The future con.
The future simple
Will + have + p.p

-at 10.00 to night she will have written 5 letters.

-will + be + verb + ing

-they will be waiting for you at 5 o'clock.
- will / shall + inf.
- I , we + shall
-he , she , it , they , you + will

- am, is, are + going to.

الكلمات الدالة
- by , at.
الكلمات الدالة
-at, by, in, after, form. to ,all
الكلمات الدالة
-next, soon, to night, tomorrow, in the future.


-        كيف تستخدم حرف الجر (in) ؟
-        يستخدم مع الشهور   (in may) .
-        يستخدم مع فصول السنة  (in summer ) .
-        يستخدم مع السنين  (in 2010) .

-        كيف تستخدم حرف الجر  (on) ؟

-        يستخدم مع ايام الاسبوع   (on Sunday ) .

-        يستخدم مع ايام الشهور  (on may 16 ) .


-        كيف تستخدم حرف الجر (at) ؟
-        تستخدم لتشير الى الوقت المحدد
-        At two o'clock.

(6)
-so that:

-        اذا كان الفعل مضارعا بسيطا نستخدم:
-        (can , shall , may , will)

-Ali runs quickly so that he will catch the bus.

-اذا كان الفعل فى الماضى البسيط نستخدم :
(Could, should, might, would)

-Ahmed worked hard so that he could win the prize.

-        as soon as :
-        As soon as + future simple + present perfect.
-        As soon as + past simple + past simple.
-                    الاستخدام
-                    الفعل
-                    تعبر عن المقدرة

هى الماضى من can

تستخدم للضرورة والالزام

تعبر عن السماح بعمل شئ ما

هى الماضى من may

ينبغى ان

تستخدم فى الكلام المباشر

تستخدم فى الكلام الغير مباشر
Can

Could

Have to

May

Might

Ought to

Shall

should
-         
(7)










إرسال تعليق